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Janson, "a man may, at the same time, enjoy the rights of citizenship under two governments." On July 27, 1868, the day before the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted, U. Congress declared in the preamble of the Expatriation Act that "the right of expatriation is a natural and inherent right of all people, indispensable to the enjoyment of the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness," and (Section I) one of "the fundamental principles of this government" (United States Revised Statutes, sec. Every natural-born citizen of a foreign state who is also an American citizen and every natural-born American citizen who is a citizen of a foreign land owes a double allegiance, one to the United States, and one to his homeland (in the event of an immigrant becoming a citizen of the US), or to his adopted land (in the event of an emigrant natural born citizen of the US becoming a citizen of another nation).If these allegiances come into conflict, he or she may be guilty of treason against one or both.The reciprocal duty of the subject towards the Crown is that of allegiance.At common law allegiance is a true and faithful obedience of the subject due to his Sovereign.It was the mutual bond and obligation between monarch and subjects, whereby subjects are called his liege subjects, because they are bound to obey and serve him; and he is called their liege lord, because he should maintain and defend them (Ex parte Anderson (1861) 3 El & El 487; 121 ER 525; China Navigation Co v Attorney-General (1932) 48 TLR 375; Attorney-General v Nissan  1 All ER 629; Oppenheimer v Cattermole  3 All ER 1106).The duty of the Crown towards its subjects is to govern and protect.
‘To prepare for examinations with “unseen texts”, students will need to read widely, broadening their knowledge and their critical and comparative understanding of literature,’ the consultation document says.
Attachment to the person of the reigning Sovereign is not sufficient.
Loyalty requires affection also to the office of the Sovereign, attachment to royalty, attachment to the law and to the constitution of the realm, and he who would, by force or by fraud, endeavour to prostrate that law and constitution, though he may retain his affection for its head, can boast but an imperfect and spurious species of loyalty (R v O'Connell (1844) 7 ILR 261).
Traditionally, English legal commentators used the term allegiance in two ways.
In one sense, it referred to the deference which anyone, even foreigners, were expected to pay to the institutions of the country where one lived.
Legal allegiance was due when an alien took an oath of allegiance required for a particular office under the Crown.